Nearly 300 people in Wayne County that was placed in a hotel room with funds from Michigan Covid Emergency Rental Assistance (CERA) might soon be kicked out, reported by Bridge Detroit. CERA funds have ran dry and residents that were placed during the pandemic have a deadline to vacate, and may be evicted.
As rental prices skyrocket across Detroit, affordable housing becomes increasingly unaffordable for low-income renters are struggling to find spots to reside.
Data aggregated and analyzed by The Eviction Machine found that approximately nine in 10 of the more than 25,500 eviction cases filed in 36th District Court between March 2020 and March 2022 were filed by landlords whose properties lacked a Certificate of Compliance at the date of filing. The Certificate of Compliance demonstrates that your property is now safe for occupancy.
On the filings after July 2021 — when the city’s rental ordinance had hit each ZIP code — only roughly 16% of filings met compliance.
Last August, Detroit’s 36th district court made significant eviction-related orders saying that landlords must have a Certificate of Compliance to apply for an order of eviction. Of the 1,170 bailiff evictions moved through by 36th District Court after the order, 1,000 did not have the proper certification.
The data highlights a realistic problem: Detroit is not executing its own ordinance nor regulating this horribly one-sided rental landscape.
And while Certificates of Compliance are a way to keep landlords in check and protect tenants, the lack of enforcement has, in fact, done the opposite. Crooked landlords are empowered to keep being crooked with not retaliation.
BridgeDetroit.com spokesperson Georgette Johnson, for Detroit’s Buildings, Safety Engineering, and Environmental Department (BSEED), said the department could not comment on The Eviction Machine’s findings without seeing the hundreds of pages of raw data, but maintained that “Property Maintenance is continuing to enforce on properties that are not in compliance with the Rental Ordinance.”
Evictions and the Foreclosure Crisis
Between 2005 and 2015 one in three Detroit properties were dispossessed because of mortgage or tax foreclosure turning Detroit, once known for having the most Black homeowners in American – into a renters city.
Because private property is managed differently from rental properties, the city immediately had thousands of homes — many in horrible shape — in the hands of outsiders, investors, and prospective landlords motivated by the potential “passive income.”
By 2017, Mayor Mike Duggan, and then-council member Andre Spivey held a press conference to announce plans for a new rental ordinance. Detroit would come down hard on crooked landlords, and celebrate with the good landlords. A website was created that would allow potential tenants to easily see if their landlord was compliant. Escrows were created to hold money for those crooked landlords.
The new rental ordinance was then approved by the City Council and enforcement began in August 2018 in the 48215 ZIP code. Duggan originally promised all enforcement would be done within two years but the timeline got pushed back, with the City of Detroit announcing full enforcement in July 2021.
The ordinance called for BSEED (Buildings, Safety Engineering, and Environmental Department) to create yearly rental reports including data around registration and compliance but the department hasn’t created anything since 2019, citing the pandemic.
BSEED data analyzed by The Eviction Machine shows that as of March 15, 2022, the department recorded 6,137 valid Certificates of Compliance on the City of Detroit Open Data Portal but ultimately found 5,636 rentals with Certificates of Compliance.
According to the Open Data Portal between January 2019 and February 2022, the city processed over 19,000 rental registrations.
Detroit City Council in May passed a “Right to Counsel” ordinance to support low-income defendants in landlord-tenant cases after years of imbalance. A 2020 report by Poverty Solutions found that between 2014 and 2018 only 4.8% of tenants in the state were represented by an attorney in eviction cases, compared to 83.2% of landlords.